5 Components of Physical Fitness

Physical health is the ability to function effectively throughout your workday, perform your usual other activities and still have enough energy over to handle any extra effort or emergencies that may arise.
Components of Physical Fitness

The components of physical fitness are:

* Resistance cardio respiratory (CR) - the efficiency with which the body delivers oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transports waste products from the cells.
* Muscular strength - the greatest strength muscle or muscle group can exert in a single effort.
* Muscular endurance - the ability of a muscle or muscle group to perform repeated movements with a sub-maximal power for prolonged periods.
* Flexibility - the ability to move the joints or any group joined by a full and normal range of motion.
* Body composition - the percentage of body fat a person has in relation to its total body mass.

Improving the first three Components of Physical Fitness listed above will have a positive impact on body composition and will result in less fat. The excess body fat detracts from the other fitness components, reduces performance, detracts from appearance, and negatively affects your health.
Factors such as speed, agility, muscle power, the eye-hand coordination, and eye-foot coordination are classified as Components of Physical Fitness "engine". These factors most affect your athletic ability. Appropriate training can improve these factors within the limits of your potential. A significant loss program and fitness weight seeks to improve or maintain any medical examination and fitness components of the engine noise, progressive, mission specific physical training.
Principles of exercise

Adherence to certain basic exercise principles is important for developing an effective program. The same principles of exercise apply to everyone at all levels of physical training, from the Olympic-caliber athlete to the weekend jogger.

These basic principles of exercise must be followed.


To achieve a training effect, you must exercise often. You should exercise each of the first four fitness components at least three times a week. Infrequent exercise can do more harm than good. Consistency is also important in resting, sleeping, and following a sensible diet.


The intensity (how hard) and / or duration (how long) of exercise must gradually increase to improve the level of fitness.


To be effective, a program should include activities that address all Components of Physical Fitness, since the overemphasize any of them can hurt others.

Provide a variety of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.


Training must be geared toward specific goals. For example, people become better runners if their training emphasizes running. Although swimming is great exercise, it does not improve one thousand two-run time so that a current program.


A hard day of training for a specified component of fitness should be followed by an easier training day or rest day for that group component and / or muscle helps to allow recovery. Another way to allow recovery is to alternate the muscle groups exercised every other day, especially when training for strength and / or muscle endurance.


The work load of each exercise session must exceed the normal demands placed on the body to cause a training effect.

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